For the first time in history, fresh water has become a finite resource. Many experts agree that, without significant changes in water policy, wars of the 21st century may be fought, not over oil, but for control of clean water. We Are Water is an imaginative, entertaining, and enlightening documentary, illustrating the fragile relationship between our planet’s endangered fresh water resources, and the ever increasing needs of our expanding population.
ANCHOR SPONSOR

HOW TO HELP

IN THE BATHROOM

  • Turn off water while brushing teeth – save 360 liters per week
  • Fix a dripping tap – save 300 gallons per year
  • Reduce shower form seven to four minutes – save 60 liters each time
  • Install low flow shower head – save 11 liters per minute, 750 gallons/month
  • Install dual flush toilet – save 50% each flush
  • Put a plug in basin while shaving – 9 liters per minute
  • Capture shower water for the garden
  • Flush less – save 2 to 7 gallons each time
  • Put a brick in the toilet tank – save a liter each flush
  • Turn off water while you shampoo and condition your hair – save 50 gallons a week Pee while you shower!

IN THE KITCHEN

  • Turn off water while cleaning up the kitchen – save 100 gallons per week
  • Buy a water efficient dishwasher – save 50% each time
  • Only wash a full load of dishes – save 120 gallons per month
  • Use economy setting on dishwasher – save 4 liters
  • Compost instead of using your garbage disposal – save 9 liters per minute
  • Catch running water while it warms up
  • Plug the sink to rinse dishes or veggies
  • Defrost the night before instead of using running water 
  • Use a wash basin in sink, then recycle water to the garden
  • Fix a drip – save up to 75 liters a day
  • Save cold water in the fridge instead of running the tap
  • Become a part time vegetarian
  • Eat less meat Install a low flow faucet – save 50% of your water use
  • Buy WaterSense appliances
  • Use veggie rinse water on plants
  • Reuse the same drinking glass all day
  • Soak and scrape pots and pans rather than running water
  • Reuse veggie cooking water for tasty soup stock

IN THE LAUNDRY

  • Use a water efficient washing machine – save 30 gallons every load
  • Only wash a full load of laundry – saves 10 liters
  • Consider installing a grey water system to recycle laundry water
  • Pretreat stains so they only get washed once
  • But EnergyStar appliances
  • Use natural soap nuts instead of detergent
  • Attach a hose to your washing machine outlet pipe for use in the garden

AT HOME

  • Use old fish tank water on plants
  • Teach kids to turn off faucets properly
  • Reduce the distance from the water heater to the sink
  • Try on-demand water heaters for the shower or kitchen Insulate hot water pipes to retain heat
  • Look for EPA WaterSense labels
  • Drink tap water
  • Avoid putting medications in the toilet
  • Avoid putting chemicals in the toilet or down the sink
  • Don’t put fat and grease down the sink
  • Mix it with bird seeds and invite birds to your garden
  • Buy a used car. It takes 120,000 to make a new one
  • Reuse clothing. It takes 1800 gallons to make a pair of blue jean
  •  Drive less. It takes 70 gallons of water to produce one gallon of gas.
  • Give $15 to CharityWater.org so someone in the developing world can have a clean water supply.
  • Ride your bicycle instead of driving.
  • Think before you buy. Is there something you can recycle or reuse?  

IN THE YARD

  • Irrigate early or late but not in the sunny part of the day
  • Avoid irrigating on windy days
  • Use less fertilizer
  • Create more shade in your yard to retain moisture in your plants and lawn
  • Use rain barrels
  • Eliminate herbicides
  • Pull weeds instead of using RoundUp
  • Replace part of the lawn with pebbles
  • Plants more shrubs Mulch and compost your garden
  • Use old blankets, carpet or cardboard in between crop rows for weed barriers
  • Group veggies in your garden by water needs
  • Mulch the garden to reduce evaporation – reduces watering 70%
  • Aerate and spike lawns in the spring for deep roots and drought tolerance
  • Check the pool for leaks – 500 liters per day
  • Cover the pool or hot tub (or just get rid of it)
  • Don’t trim the grass too short – longer needs less water
  • Plant drought resistant native plants
  • Direct rain gutters to plants that need it
  • Pee in the yard
  • Cover rain barrels
  • If you irrigate on a timer, install a rain shutoff
  • Pee in your compost pile
  • Direct the air conditioner drips to plants that need it
  • If you have to water, use drip irrigation
  • Check outdoor taps for leaks – save 1000 liters per year
  • Water the garden with a trigger nozzle not a sprinkler
  • Use a bucket and sponge to wash the car
  • Go to a car wash that reuses water
  • Wash your car on the lawn 
  • Collect rainwater for the garden
  • Sweep the driveway instead of hosing it down
  • Look for leaks – check water meter for two hours during no consumption period
  • Add walkway pavers and patio areas and let them runoff to garden
  • Plant more shrubs and ground cover to reduce the lawn
  • Water plants deeply but less often to improve drought tolerance
  • Learn where your master water shutoff valve is located
  • Let your lawn go dormant Wash the dog on the grass  

AT SCHOOL

  • Report leaking taps and toilets to teachers – save 300 gallons
  • Nominate a water monitor to look for leaks
  • Put up posters to remind each other to turn off taps
  • Wash art supplies in a recycled ice cream container
  • Learn how to monitor the water meter
  • Ask your science teacher to help locate your watershed
  • Use less paper
  • Learn how to read a water meter

AT THE OFFICE

  • Wash dishes once at the end of the day
  • Appoint a daily dish washer
  • Upgrade to dual flush toilets
  • Talk about water conservation measures in staff meetings
  • Use less paper
  • Determine if there is a way to reuse water at your business
  • Conduct a water audit of your company
  • Use a refillable water bottle for drinking

ON VACATION

  • Reuse hotel towels
  • Drink tap water if safe
  • Use a refillable water bottle
PROTECT OUR FUTURE

DRINK TAP WATER – Be an example for others. Disposable water bottles waster water and money. It takes 5 quarts to make one bottle of water and a quarter of a bottle of oil to make, transport and dispose of the water. Refill a water bottle and drink safe, clean tap water. You’ll save money.

REDUCE YOUR WATER FOOTPRINT – Click on this site: Water Footprint Calculator to learn about how much water is needed to support your lifestyle. The average American needs 1800 gallons of water per day, twice as much as the rest of the planet. This will help you reduce your use.

REDUCE, REUSE AND RECYCLE – Basic conservation helps save water. Turn off running taps. Shop at a thrift store. Stream movies. Download music instead of buying CDs. Shop at bulk stores with less packaging. Carry re-useable shopping bags.
EAT LOW ON THE FOOD CHAIN – Plant based nutrition requires less water than meat to bring to market. Consider being at least a part time vegetarian. A simple hamburger takes over 600 gallons to produce. Support your local farmer’s market.

THINK ABOUT THE WORLD BENEATH YOUR FEET – Everything you do on the surface of the land will be returned to you in drinking water. Dispose of things such as household chemicals and prescription drugs properly or you will be drinking them later.

Download cool activities for kids aged 7-14!

Junior-Ranger-Booklet

What Lies Beneath

By | All Posts, Bahama Blue Holes, Cave Diving, Rebreather Diving, Sidemount Diving, Underwater Photo and Video, We Are Water | No Comments

Blog # 4 / Dr. Keene Haywood / Dec. 6, 2016

Keene Haywood is the director of the exploration science program at the University of Miami’s Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy.  The program offers a Master’s degree in Exploration Science through the Master of Professional Science (MPS) program at the UM-Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS).  He holds a PhD in Geography and MFA In Science and Natural History filmmaking.

Driving south down the main high way on Abaco, the slightly rolling terrain of pine trees and low vegetation makes for a somewhat hypnotic drive as early morning light filters past the long slender trunks and across the green expanse.   Some twenty miles south of the town of Marsh Harbor, one turns off the highway onto a rocky, bumpy road that leads west across the island.   Another world exists parallel to this forest of whispering pines.   Below is a labyrinth of caves, the likes of which are only beginning to be fully understood and mapped.   Dan’s Cave and Ralph’s Cave are two entrances into this otherworldly realm that few people have entered.  Named after the hunters who originally found the caves decades ago, one project goal is surveying and mapping these complex and beautiful water filled passages, exploring the edges of what is known and unknown. But the project has other dimensions of exploration.

Exploration – the very word tends to mean different things to different people, but it seems to always seems to elicit the same emotion – wonder.   What is out there?  Why?  What is around the next bend, the next passage?  What are the social and ethical implications of revealing the unknown? Who ‘owns’ the intellectual property and economic benefits that may be revealed? The list goes on. Trying to encapsulate this wonder and the moral and practical questions into a discipline is what exploration science seeks to do.  As the director of the exploration science program at the University of Miami (http://exploration.miami.edu), I often am often asked just what is this discipline?  Broadly, the approach uses elements of observation, documentation, and communication to bring together this wonder and pull it together into new knowledge about our world. This program seeks to ground students in all three areas, encouraging them to embrace new technologies, follow their curiosity and pull together multi-disciplinary approaches to answering what is out there and why, all while considering the historical and ethical context of exploration.

For this project, key components of exploration are strongly supported. Through video and photography, the caves are being observed and documented in both scientific and journalistic ways to convey different aspects of the wonder of Dan’s Cave. Through mapping, the surveying team is bringing back data to provide a permanent record of past exploration of the cave using new tools and software to understand distances, depths, and intricacies of this maze of nature.  In addition, uses of emerging technologies such as 3D printing of artifacts and photogrammetry work yield compelling new ways to persevere and communicate the wonders of Dan’s Cave to a wider public.  In this case, this includes through direct communication with local communities both at the site and remotely.

More direct communication approach is taking place daily for five days this week with groups of school children from Abaco.  These children get a chance to experience some of the wonder of Dan’s cave directly by coming to this area with their teachers to interact with the expedition team and go through a series of hands-on experiences ranging from crawling through simulated cave squeezes to science experiments showing how groundwater picks up pollutants to making bush medicine teas with local elders to coring trees to determine their age. While the data and images will go far beyond the island of Abaco, it is the direct impact of experiential learning first hand by the younger generations of Bahamians that is most gratifying aspect of the project for many of us. It is in seeing the kids discovery and wonder in action that exploration science ceases becoming an abstract idea and begins to be a concrete experience not just for the school kids visiting Dan’s Cave, but for all of us.

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Expedition Files Post 3 from the Abaco Blue Holes Cave Diving Expedition with National Geographic

By | All Posts, Bahama Blue Holes, Cave Diving, Rebreather Diving, Sidemount Diving, Underwater Photo and Video, We Are Water, Women Underwater | No Comments

Chris Milbern / Dec 6, 2016 / Dive Safety Volunteer

Chris Millbern is the 2016 Our-World Underwater Scholar. Trained in ecology and evolutionary biology at UCLA, Chris found his passion in dive safety and volunteered to join the National Geographic Blue Holes Project.

Hey everyone, my name is Chris Millbern and I’m here with Nat Geo representing the Our World-Underwater Scholarship Society!  A few months ago I was chosen as the 2016 North American Rolex Scholar, a title that comes with it a year’s worth of research and opportunity in all things diving designed to help young people like myself pursue their dream careers.  I’ve been in the water from the Arctic to the Antarctic (just got back last week!) and everywhere in-between hoping to develop the skills, knowledge, and experience necessary for a life of exploration.  It’s with a huge smile I get to thank National Geographic, Dr. Kenny Broad, and the entire team here for having me aboard!

As a diver medic and hyperbaric technologist, I’ve managed to treat scuba diving injuries in all sorts of situations: hospitals, boats, parking lots, and the occasional cave as well.  But while I’m passionate about treating injured divers, the best job for me is one where everyone comes out safe and happy- which is often a factor of preparation, attitude, and experience.  So you can imagine that when I was invited to this expedition, it was like being invited to dive safety nirvana; some of these divers wrote the books I made a job out of!

But no matter who you’re with, cave diving is not without its risks.  It’s Day 4 of the expedition here and the site is busy with documenting camp-life (pro-tip: coffee made in a bucket tastes better), hosting live stream learning with classrooms from around the world, and teaching local students about their environment.  It’s easy to get caught up and forget that our exploration efforts- specifically those of our divers – are a matter of life and death.  So what are those risks, and what can we do to mitigate them?

The biggest problem with caves is that they have a ceiling, and more importantly that we can’t breathe ceilings.  If you’re a diver that runs out of air in the ocean, you’ve always got the option (though not always a good one) of swimming to the surface and sipping some of that sweet, sweet air.  Not so in caves!  As cave divers, we have to understand that anything we bring down with us is all we’ve got; and that means redundancy is key. Leaving at least a third of our air unused for emergencies, bringing backup lights and equipment, and staging sources of air and pure oxygen strategically throughout the cave all help to mitigate risk and ensure happy divers. There are many other rules and the #1 rule is:

DON’T GO INTO AN UNDERWATER CAVE WITHOUT PROPER TRAINING AND EQUIPMENT!

As if running out of air isn’t bad enough, using the wrong diving gas at the wrong depth can kill you.  Nitrogen, a major component of the air we breathe, has a tendency under pressure to dissolve into the liquids and tissues of our bodies.  If left unchecked, this dissolved nitrogen causes all sorts of damage- think cracking open a soda bottle and watching the bubbles rush out.  The deeper we go and the longer we dive increases this effect. Even oxygen at the wrong depth can cause central nervous system issues like seizures that lead to drowning. Thus, we have to pick the proper diving gasses for the depths we plan to explore and this may be a mix of different percentages of oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes helium.

Caves are often in remote places, outside the range of helicopters and cell towers.  With no access to emergency healthcare here in the jungle, a real problem means driving to the nearest city, waiting for a medivac (available only in daylight), and hoping for the best as the diver is flown to Nassau or Florida for recompression therapy.  It’s because of this that our responsibility lies in preventing injuries before they happen.

If this all sounds scary, good!  A healthy dose of fear is what keeps us paying attention, and what keeps cave divers the world over safe.  And while I don’t anticipate any good stories on my end, I’m proud to be working with some of the best people in the world at keeping cave diving boring! (Medically, that is.)  Cheers!

-Chris

Abaco Blue Holes Project Expedition Files #2

By | All Posts, Bahama Blue Holes, Cave Diving, Rebreather Diving, Sidemount Diving, Underwater Photo and Video, We Are Water | No Comments

Expedition Blog 2 / Dec 5, 2016 / Tom Morris

Team member, Tom Morris, has been exploring caves around the world the world for almost fifty years. Tom Morris is a biologist and diver who lives in Gainesville, Florida. Today, Sunday, is his 70th birthday. His birthday present was a passport that he left in his car before heading across the Florida Straits by boat to join the team. He can now leave the Bahamas when the time comes, although he would rather remain in the Bahamas, where the pines sing, the bracken is tall, and every other plant is an aphrodisiac.

Most people who visit the Bahamas end up on New Providence Island, home to Nassau and all its tourist amenities. I appreciate Nassau’s attractions, but I am drawn by the wilder side of the great archipelago, and by its rich geological and natural history. So, when my friend Kenny Broad invited me to join this expedition to Abaco Island’s newest nature preserve, I jumped at the chance.

Most everyone on the expedition team flew over from Florida, but Kenny and I needed to ferry a ton of expedition gear on his boat. Crossing the Gulf Stream is always a great adventure. After loading gear we left Miami in the dark AM and motored into the confused and rough seas of the Gulf Stream. As the sun rose we were treated to the visually stunning deep blue of the Straits of Florida, caused by two thousand foot depths and nutrient-poor clear water. Fortunately, Dramamine worked its magic, and my usual tendency to seasickness was no problem.

Hours later, the taller buildings of Grand Bahama Island came into view, and the water gradually changed to the nice turquoise color of shallower Bahama Bank waters. We worked our way along the coast, recently ravaged by hurricane forces, keeping a close eye for dangerous rocks, and entered the main Grand Bahama Port of Entry. An overrated problem of my missing passport was overcome and we fueled up and headed over to the infamous Lucayan Waterway to anchor in protected water for the night. The Waterway is a more or less 100-foot wide canal dredged across the entire width of Grand Bahama Island to create valuable waterfront property. The canal was a horrible idea, and drained part of the island of billions of gallons of scarce fresh water, and allowed salt water to contaminate a significant portion of the islands rocky aquifer.

The next morning we cruised in the calm protected waters of the Little Bahama Bank. The Bahama Banks are a carbonate factory, and corals, calcareous algae, and chemical processes have, over millions of years, deposited an incredible nineteen thousand feet of limestone sediments. The sediments were all formed in shallow marine conditions, just like today, with subsidence matching the rate of production. The many islands of the archipelago, large and small, are just the tiniest tip of this carbonate “iceberg.”

A few hours later found us dockside in Marsh Harbor. Here the generally unrecognized part of every expedition began in earnest. All the thousands of pounds of equipment had to be unloaded and taken to our vehicles. Everyone gets to enjoy the work, even the expedition leader (Kenny). Fortunately for Kenny, his labors were interrupted by a necessary visit to the harbor master. This was the second of many times that the expedition members will delight in, moving the gear. Expeditions are a great weight loss program.

It was great to be back in Marsh Harbor. This small town is reputed to be the third largest town in the Bahamas. It is full of friendly people, all driving on the wrong side of the road. I have heard a number of people remark that most of the Bahamas is like Florida used to be one hundred years ago. I believe it, and I like it.

We drove a mile or so to the Friends of the Environment compound, where we moved all the gear once again (third time). This excellent organization, along with the National Museum of the Bahamas (Antiquities, Monuments, Museums Corp.) is helping sponsor the expedition and is letting us use their new guesthouse. The rest of the day and much of the night found us putting together SCUBA and other gear.

The next day found us moving (fourth time) much of the equipment out to Dan’s Cave and setting up shelters and prepping for the arrival of primary school students on Monday. The site is beautiful. The setting is picturesque Caribbean slash pine forest (Pinus caribaea var bahamensis), known locally as pineyards. The bracken fern (Pteridium aqualinum), usually about two feet high in Florida, is head-high in the pineyard shrub layer. Poison wood (Metopium toxiferum), is scattered throughout. Winter migratory birds from the continent are moving about in the bushes. Forestry burns the pine forests about every three years to keep combustible fuel at safe levels. The trade winds sing in the pines.

The December temperatures are pleasant. Perfect for moving gear.

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Expedition Files Abaco Blue Holes #1

By | All Posts, Bahama Blue Holes, Cave Diving, Rebreather Diving, Sidemount Diving, We Are Water | No Comments

BLOG POST 1 / DEC 4 / Kenny Broad

4am on Dec 4, officially the second day of our Nat Geo cave diving expedition to Abaco, The Bahamas. My umpteenth trip to Bahamas, but my first blog, so I’ll keep it relatively short, sentimental, sardonic, informational, and therapeutic for my insomnia:

Quick summary of expedition start: rough seas crossing the tip of the Bermuda triangle (did not find Atlantis, by the way); overloaded boat with unwanted sloshing water water beneath the deck from broken water line – soaking critical gear; electronic navigation system gone haywire, thus forced to actually navigate with a compass (you can get a picture of these ancient devices on the interweb for the younger readers); key expedition members out w/ bizarre infections in ears and lungs; forgotten passport by unnamed team member (Tom, last name and address available upon request); failure of some critical dive equipment; two broken bones by my son, Jasper, on his birthday the day after I left (which I missed and promise to make up for); waiting hours for visit by prime minister which was cancelled at last minute; and I forgot my hair care products. But we have coffee. A lot of it.

My first expeditionary trip here was over 25 years ago, led by the late Wes Skiles, an exploration and filmmaking pioneer of the subsurface, and a larger than life character who died in 2010. It was my first true cave exploration, and as I surfaced at 2am from an ocean cave with an empty reel in my hand after laying out almost 1000 feet of line – in what are known here as blue holes – I held up the reel in a display of shameless hubris to Wes and the others on the back deck of the boat we were living on. His response: “Where’s the data?” I had laid the line in this untouched world, but brought back no survey information, no pictures, no water samples, only images in my head. It was my lesson in the difference between adventure and exploration and I’ve been trying to make up for it ever since.

In many ways this project is the culmination of the lessons learned by many of us on the team. We’re mapping this cave system that could prove to be the most extensive island cave system in the world. In doing so, we’re testing new underwater technologies, and hoping to create the first virtual reality / 3-D room of an underwater cave system to be used for education and developing an interpretive trail above the cave system. But the most rewarding part of the expedition is an extensive outreach and education component involving ethnobotany, water experiments, and surface exploration games, with school kids at the site for all sorts of hands on activities. Beyond the local impact, we’re live satellite broadcasting to classrooms in The Bahamas, North America and Canada, where the kids can interact with the explorers, scientists, and other kids across the ocean.

Our project, funded primarily by the National Geographic Society, is a collaboration between the The Bahamian Government, local NGOs, the University of Miami and supported by many local organizations. Over the next weeks, there will be blogs on topics ranging from cave diving, water resources, 3-D technologies, and speleology from team members who come from The Bahamas, United States, United Kingdom, Mexico, Italy, Canada, and France.

To state the obvious, exploration is not without it’s risks. Wes died underwater, almost to the day that his photos made the cover story of the August 2010 issue of National Geographic Magazine, bringing to life these same caves that we’re diving, with many of the same team members from that project with us on this trip. The article brought to life the otherworldly beauty and the scientific treasure trove these windows into the underworld hold – vast networks of limestone passageways that are time capsules with cave formations (e.g., stalagmites) that allow us to understand ancient and thus modern climate patterns; extremophile forms of life can live in darkness without oxygen and in toxic (to humans!) hydrogen sulphide; providing genetic clues to the biogeochemistry (great scrabble word, by the way) of how life evolved on earth billions of years ago and may survive now in the far reaches of space. The anoxic (no oxygen) deeper salt waters preserve all sorts of fossils, giving us tantalizing clues to animal and human migrations and disappearances in this low lying, carbonate platform, separated by deepwater canyons.

Beyond the scientific value, the reservoirs of lighter fresh water supplied by rain that sits atop the denser salt water in these coastal systems – often called aquifers – hold most of the planets’ fresh water that is not locked up in ice. They are out of sight, out of mind and subject to all sorts of pollution and near the coast, to salt water intrusion caused by sea level rise and overconsumption for human uses. Ok, so that is our rational justification for exploring these places – science and human health. Truth be told, we’re drawn to the them because beneath our feet, often off the side of the road, you can jump into a muddy hole and enter an innerspace as alien as your imagination can see and challenging, mentally and physically to explore.

The area we’re working in which is primarily inland pine forests dotted with windows into this karst (limestone) network of caves has recently been designated a conservation area by the Bahamian government. Many thanks go to National Geographic and the dedicated explorers and conservationists who have brought this invisible innerspace to the public’s attention, particularly the policy makers who are protecting the future generations’ water resources and the rare forms of life that live in these hidden worlds beneath our feet. Our hope is that this project provides the data and the experience for the local and faraway folks to appreciate and protect this finite resource. Stick with us the next few weeks for videos, blogs and honest insights into the good, the bad, and the ugly of exploration.

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LEARN

Projects of this nature take the hard work of volunteers, contributions from supporters and participation form people who are willing to carry the message. The following individuals and groups assisted in the creation of the We Are Water documentary film at the centerpiece of our mission.

EXECUTIVE PRODUCERS

  • Jill Heinerth
  • Robert McClellan

ORIGINAL SCORE

Xavier Fleuranceau

CO-PRODUCERS

  • Dan’s Dive Shop
  • Great Lakes Technical Divers
  • Light Monkey
  • Renata Rojas

SUPPORTERS

  • Christian Clark
  • Layne Fleuranceau
  • Brian Kakuk
  • Marc Laukien
  • Kristine & Murrey Olmsted
  • Tom Rae
  • Riana Treanor
  • Jan, Steve, Matt & Holly Jang
  • Bob and Mary Rabjohn
  • Gord, Kelley & Cori Rabjohn

UNDERWATER TALENT

  • Graham and Lila Maddocks
  • Martha McCullough
  • Barbara Wynns

ASSOCIATE PRODUCER

  • Megan Cook
  • Stuart Grinde
  • Daniel Tomosovich

ENVIRONMENTALISTS

  • Carlos Fonseca
  • Annette and Mark Long
  • Matt Mandziuk
  • Ocean Support Foundation
  • John Sapp
  • Joseph Sferrazza
  • Triangle Diving, Bermuda

DIVE SUPPORTER

  • Aquatica
  • Kenny Broad
  • Captain Don’s Habitat
  • Jack Chalk
  • Alberta Underwater Council
  • G&S Watersports
  • Hollis
  • Brian Nadwidny
  • ORIS Watches
  • Santi
  • Scuba Diving Magazine
  • Perry Smith
  • Ursuit
  • VR Technology
  • Waterproof
  • Chris Wickman

ADVOCATES

  • Stephanie Benincasa
  • Carmine Benincasa
  • Chris Corfield
  • Alex Djermanovic
  • Natasa Djermanovic
  • Kevin Frillman
  • MichaelAngelo Gagliardi
  • Zelda Gagliardi
  • General Ecology
  • Randy Kliewer
  • Lora Laffan
  • Richard Moccia
  • Beth and Jerry Murphy
  • Ocean Quest Dive Center
  • Gene Page
  • Pacific Pro Dive
  • Wendy Quimby
  • Jason Sapp
  • Lana Taylor
  • Wendy Thurman

SUPER HEROES

  • Aqua Sport Scuba
  • “Bear” Rae Olmsted
  • Dawn & April Bencze
  • Rich Best
  • Bird’s Underwater
  • Sharron Britton
  • John Buxton
  • Shannon and Ken Caraccia
  • John Cheeseman
  • Joel and Jacki Clark
  • Bill Coltart
  • Vlada Dekina
  • Delmont UMC
  • Dive Outpost
  • Luigi Di Raimo
  • JoAn & Derek Ferguson
  • Sam Gillis
  • Grant Graves
  • Richard Harris, MD
  • Adrian Hartley
  • Lee Ann Hughes
  • Eiko Jones
  • Larry Kalyniak, PhD
  • Marian Lane
  • Carol Lippincott
  • Cathy Lesh
  • John Minigan
  • Sharon Morgan
  • Bill and Tonya Nadeau
  • Niagara Divers Association
  • Lisa J Norelli, MD
  • Diana and Bill Oestreich
  • Renee Power
  • Luigi Di Raimo
  • Wendy J Richards
  • Jeff Rose
  • Stu Seldon
  • Dave Serafine
  • Sean Sexsmith
  • Suzanne Sferrazza
  • Jeff Shirk
  • Phil Short
  • Giovanni Soleti
  • Jim Stevenson
  • Sunken Treasure Scuba
  • Matthew Sypherd
  • Bonnie Toth
  • Wendy & Frank VanVliet
  • Lee Ann Waggener
  • Heidi Wallace
  • Jeanie Weimer
  • Tom Wilson
  • Cindy Wolff
  • Pam Wooten

HEROES

  • Sara Calvin
  • Cuyler
  • Eric Deister
  • Jeffrey Fossmo
  • Dmitri Gorski
  • Emily Greer
  • Wendy Grossman
  • Keene Heywood
  • Rick Kilby
  • Rita Lemgruber
  • Ken Mayer
  • Janine McKinnon
  • W Roderick O’Connor
  • Chris Parker
  • Karen Peist
  • Jim “Robbo” Robinson
  • Gerald Sliker
  • Mark Stringer
  • Julianne Ziefle

FRIENDS

  • Barbara Am Ende
  • Henrik Aronson
  • Kim Cavanaugh
  • Robert Cook
  • Kent Frazier
  • John Groff
  • John Hill
  • Robert H. Hughes
  • Jim Louvau
  • Jenn Macalady
  • Michael Myrick
  • Robert Osborne
  • Brian Rossman
  • Peter & Nancy Williams
  • Michael & Jennifer Wyman

CONTRIBUTORS

  • Marco Alvarez
  • Ronald Apple
  • Chris Clark
  • Jason Cook
  • Richard Dreher
  • Lesley Gamble
  • Matthew Harris
  • Gal Haspel
  • John Moran
  • Lance and Jessica Nelson
  • Luke & Ben Nelson
  • Matthew Pence
  • Janet Schmidt
  • Mary Slusarchuk
  • Christopher Stonestreet
  • Daphne Haspel Soares

THE FUTURE

  • Tzur Haspel Soares
  • Catherine Maddocks